Draw points, lines and triangles on the screen

Hello! I have two questions:

  1. What is the best way to draw debug data, such as points, lines and triangles in screen (or UI) space?
  2. How to draw custom geometry as a part of UI?

I wrote such bicycle:

[code]#pragma once

class lImage : public Image
{
URHO3D_OBJECT(lImage, Image);
public:
lImage(Context *context = gContext);
~lImage();

static void RegisterObject(Context *context = gContext);

void SetSize(int width, int height);
void SetPoint(int x, int y, const Color& color);
void DrawLine(int x0, int y0, int x1, int y1, const Color &color);
void DrawRectangle(int x, int y, int width, int height, const Color &color);
void FillRectangle(int x, int y, int width, int height, const Color &color);
void FillRegion(int x, int y, const Color &color);
void FillRegion(int x, int y, const Color &color, const Color &colorBound);
void CopyImage(int x, int y, lImage &image);      // Those points which have transparency more than 0.5 are copied
void DrawPolyline(const Color &color, int numPoints, int *xy);
void DrawCircle(float x, float y, float radius, const Color &color, float step = 1.0f);
IntVector2 GetHotSpot() const;
void SetHotSpot(int x, int y);

private:
lImage& operator=(const lImage&)
{};

void Replace4Points(int x, int y, const Color &color);
void Replace4PointsBound(int x, int y, const Color &color);

Color replacedColor;
Color boundingColor;
IntVector2 hotSpot;

};

#include <stdafx.h>

#include “Image.h”
#include “Core/Math.h”

lImage::lImage(Context *context) :
Image(context)
{

}

lImage::~lImage()
{

}

void lImage::SetSize(int width, int height)
{
Image::SetSize(width, height, 4);
}

void lImage::RegisterObject(Context* context)
{
context->RegisterFactory();
}

void lImage::SetPoint(int x, int y, const Color& color)
{
if(x < GetWidth() && y < GetHeight())
{
SetPixel((int)x, (int)y, color);
}
}

void lImage::DrawLine(int x0, int y0, int x1, int y1, const Color &color)
{
if((x1 - x0) == 0 && (y1 - y0) == 0)
{
x0++;
}

int x = x0;
int y = y0;
int dx = (int)fabs((float)(x1 - x0));
int dy = (int)fabs((float)(y1 - y0));
int s1 = Math::Sign(x1 - x0);
int s2 = Math::Sign(y1 - y0);
int temp;
bool exchange;
if(dy > dx)
{
    temp = dx;
    dx = dy;
    dy = temp;
    exchange = true;
}
else
{
    exchange = false;
}
int e = 2 * dy - dx;
for(int i = 0; i <= dx; i++)
{
    SetPoint(x, y, color);
    while(e >= 0)
    {
        if(exchange)
        {
            x += s1;
        }
        else
        {
            y += s2;
        }
        e -= 2 * dx;
    }
    if(exchange)
    {
        y += s2;
    }
    else
    {
        x += s1;
    }
    e += 2 * dy;
}

}

void lImage::DrawRectangle(int x, int y, int width, int height, const Color &color)
{
DrawLine(x, y, x + width, y, color);
DrawLine(x + width, y, x + width, y + height, color);
DrawLine(x, y + height, x + width, y + height, color);
DrawLine(x, y, x, y + height, color);
}

void lImage::FillRectangle(int x0, int y0, int width, int height, const Color &color)
{
for(int x = x0; x < x0 + width; x++)
{
DrawLine(x, y0, x, y0 + height, color);
}
}

void lImage::FillRegion(int x, int y, const Color &color)
{
replacedColor = GetPixel(x, y);

SetPixel(x, y, color);

Replace4Points(x, y, color);

}

void lImage::Replace4Points(int x, int y, const Color &color)
{
if(y > 0) // upper pixel
{
if(GetPixel(x, y - 1) == replacedColor)
{
SetPixel(x, y - 1, color);
Replace4Points(x, y - 1, color);
}
}
if(x < GetWidth() - 1) // rught pixel
{
if(GetPixel(x + 1, y) == replacedColor)
{
SetPixel(x + 1, y, color);
Replace4Points(x + 1, y, color);
}
}
if(y < GetHeight() - 1)
{
if(GetPixel(x, y + 1) == replacedColor)
{
SetPixel(x, y + 1, color);
Replace4Points(x, y + 1, color);
}
}
if(x > 0)
{
if(GetPixel(x - 1, y) == replacedColor)
{
SetPixel(x - 1, y, color);
Replace4Points(x - 1, y, color);
}
}
}

void lImage::FillRegion(int x, int y, const Color &color, const Color &colorBound)
{
boundingColor = colorBound;

if(GetPixel(x, y) != colorBound)
{
    SetPixel(x, y, color);
    Replace4PointsBound(x, y, color);
}

}

void lImage::CopyImage(int x0, int y0, lImage &inImage)
{
int xMin = x0;
int xMax = xMin + inImage.GetWidth();
if (xMax >= GetWidth())
{
xMax = GetWidth() - 1;
}

int yMin = y0;
int yMax = yMin + inImage.GetHeight();
if (yMax >= GetHeight())
{
    yMax = GetHeight() - 1;
}

for (int x = x0; x < xMax; x++)
{
    for (int y = y0; y < yMax; y++)
    {
        int curX = x - x0;
        int curY = y - y0;
        Color color = inImage.GetPixel(curX, curY);

        if (color.a_ > 0.5f)
        {
            SetPoint(x, y, color);
        }
    }
}

}

#define FILL(a, b)
Color col = GetPixel(a, b);
if(col != boundingColor && col != color)
{
SetPixel(a, b, color);
Replace4PointsBound(a, b, color);
}

void lImage::Replace4PointsBound(int x, int y, const Color &color)
{
if(y > 0)
{
FILL(x, y - 1);
}
if(x < GetWidth() - 1)
{
FILL(x + 1, y);
}
if(y < GetHeight() - 1)
{
FILL(x, y + 1);
}
if(x > 0)
{
FILL(x - 1, y);
}
}

void lImage::DrawPolyline(const Color &color, int numPoints, int *xy)
{
int numLines = numPoints - 1;

for(int i = 0; i < numLines; i++)
{
    DrawLine(xy[i * 2], xy[i * 2 + 1], xy[i * 2 + 2], xy[i * 2 + 3], color);
}

}

void lImage::DrawCircle(float x, float y, float radius, const Color &color, float step)
{
for (float angle = 0.0f; angle < 360.0f; angle += step)
{
SetPoint((int)(x + Cos(angle) * radius + 0.5f), (int)(y + Sin(angle) * radius + 0.5f), color);
}
}

IntVector2 lImage::GetHotSpot() const
{
return hotSpot;
}

void lImage::SetHotSpot(int x, int y)
{
hotSpot.x_ = x;
hotSpot.y_ = y;
}[/code]

1 Like

[quote=“Sasha7b9o”]I wrote such bicycle:

[code]#pragma once

class lImage : public Image
{
URHO3D_OBJECT(lImage, Image);
public:
lImage(Context *context = gContext);
~lImage();

static void RegisterObject(Context *context = gContext);

void SetSize(int width, int height);
void SetPoint(int x, int y, const Color& color);
void DrawLine(int x0, int y0, int x1, int y1, const Color &color);
void DrawRectangle(int x, int y, int width, int height, const Color &color);
void FillRectangle(int x, int y, int width, int height, const Color &color);
void FillRegion(int x, int y, const Color &color);
void FillRegion(int x, int y, const Color &color, const Color &colorBound);
void CopyImage(int x, int y, lImage &image);      // Those points which have transparency more than 0.5 are copied
void DrawPolyline(const Color &color, int numPoints, int *xy);
void DrawCircle(float x, float y, float radius, const Color &color, float step = 1.0f);
IntVector2 GetHotSpot() const;
void SetHotSpot(int x, int y);

private:
lImage& operator=(const lImage&)
{};

void Replace4Points(int x, int y, const Color &color);
void Replace4PointsBound(int x, int y, const Color &color);

Color replacedColor;
Color boundingColor;
IntVector2 hotSpot;

};

#include <stdafx.h>

#include “Image.h”
#include “Core/Math.h”

lImage::lImage(Context *context) :
Image(context)
{

}

lImage::~lImage()
{

}

void lImage::SetSize(int width, int height)
{
Image::SetSize(width, height, 4);
}

void lImage::RegisterObject(Context* context)
{
context->RegisterFactory();
}

void lImage::SetPoint(int x, int y, const Color& color)
{
if(x < GetWidth() && y < GetHeight())
{
SetPixel((int)x, (int)y, color);
}
}

void lImage::DrawLine(int x0, int y0, int x1, int y1, const Color &color)
{
if((x1 - x0) == 0 && (y1 - y0) == 0)
{
x0++;
}

int x = x0;
int y = y0;
int dx = (int)fabs((float)(x1 - x0));
int dy = (int)fabs((float)(y1 - y0));
int s1 = Math::Sign(x1 - x0);
int s2 = Math::Sign(y1 - y0);
int temp;
bool exchange;
if(dy > dx)
{
    temp = dx;
    dx = dy;
    dy = temp;
    exchange = true;
}
else
{
    exchange = false;
}
int e = 2 * dy - dx;
for(int i = 0; i <= dx; i++)
{
    SetPoint(x, y, color);
    while(e >= 0)
    {
        if(exchange)
        {
            x += s1;
        }
        else
        {
            y += s2;
        }
        e -= 2 * dx;
    }
    if(exchange)
    {
        y += s2;
    }
    else
    {
        x += s1;
    }
    e += 2 * dy;
}

}

void lImage::DrawRectangle(int x, int y, int width, int height, const Color &color)
{
DrawLine(x, y, x + width, y, color);
DrawLine(x + width, y, x + width, y + height, color);
DrawLine(x, y + height, x + width, y + height, color);
DrawLine(x, y, x, y + height, color);
}

void lImage::FillRectangle(int x0, int y0, int width, int height, const Color &color)
{
for(int x = x0; x < x0 + width; x++)
{
DrawLine(x, y0, x, y0 + height, color);
}
}

void lImage::FillRegion(int x, int y, const Color &color)
{
replacedColor = GetPixel(x, y);

SetPixel(x, y, color);

Replace4Points(x, y, color);

}

void lImage::Replace4Points(int x, int y, const Color &color)
{
if(y > 0) // upper pixel
{
if(GetPixel(x, y - 1) == replacedColor)
{
SetPixel(x, y - 1, color);
Replace4Points(x, y - 1, color);
}
}
if(x < GetWidth() - 1) // rught pixel
{
if(GetPixel(x + 1, y) == replacedColor)
{
SetPixel(x + 1, y, color);
Replace4Points(x + 1, y, color);
}
}
if(y < GetHeight() - 1)
{
if(GetPixel(x, y + 1) == replacedColor)
{
SetPixel(x, y + 1, color);
Replace4Points(x, y + 1, color);
}
}
if(x > 0)
{
if(GetPixel(x - 1, y) == replacedColor)
{
SetPixel(x - 1, y, color);
Replace4Points(x - 1, y, color);
}
}
}

void lImage::FillRegion(int x, int y, const Color &color, const Color &colorBound)
{
boundingColor = colorBound;

if(GetPixel(x, y) != colorBound)
{
    SetPixel(x, y, color);
    Replace4PointsBound(x, y, color);
}

}

void lImage::CopyImage(int x0, int y0, lImage &inImage)
{
int xMin = x0;
int xMax = xMin + inImage.GetWidth();
if (xMax >= GetWidth())
{
xMax = GetWidth() - 1;
}

int yMin = y0;
int yMax = yMin + inImage.GetHeight();
if (yMax >= GetHeight())
{
    yMax = GetHeight() - 1;
}

for (int x = x0; x < xMax; x++)
{
    for (int y = y0; y < yMax; y++)
    {
        int curX = x - x0;
        int curY = y - y0;
        Color color = inImage.GetPixel(curX, curY);

        if (color.a_ > 0.5f)
        {
            SetPoint(x, y, color);
        }
    }
}

}

#define FILL(a, b)
Color col = GetPixel(a, b);
if(col != boundingColor && col != color)
{
SetPixel(a, b, color);
Replace4PointsBound(a, b, color);
}

void lImage::Replace4PointsBound(int x, int y, const Color &color)
{
if(y > 0)
{
FILL(x, y - 1);
}
if(x < GetWidth() - 1)
{
FILL(x + 1, y);
}
if(y < GetHeight() - 1)
{
FILL(x, y + 1);
}
if(x > 0)
{
FILL(x - 1, y);
}
}

void lImage::DrawPolyline(const Color &color, int numPoints, int *xy)
{
int numLines = numPoints - 1;

for(int i = 0; i < numLines; i++)
{
    DrawLine(xy[i * 2], xy[i * 2 + 1], xy[i * 2 + 2], xy[i * 2 + 3], color);
}

}

void lImage::DrawCircle(float x, float y, float radius, const Color &color, float step)
{
for (float angle = 0.0f; angle < 360.0f; angle += step)
{
SetPoint((int)(x + Cos(angle) * radius + 0.5f), (int)(y + Sin(angle) * radius + 0.5f), color);
}
}

IntVector2 lImage::GetHotSpot() const
{
return hotSpot;
}

void lImage::SetHotSpot(int x, int y)
{
hotSpot.x_ = x;
hotSpot.y_ = y;
}[/code][/quote]

Nice software renderer! :smiley:
But I want actually something like CustomGeometry/DebugRenderer analog for overlay rendering. Because then I would have full power of Urho’s materials and techniques.
More precisely, I want to implement SelectionBox like here: http://www.ogre3d.org/tikiwiki/Intermediate+Tutorial+4

1 Like